Today in History - May 23

1059 - Henri I crowns his son King Philip I of France

1555 - Giampietro Caraffa elected Pope Paul IV

1568 - Battle of Heiligerlee, Groningen - Dutch rebels beat Spanish

1579 - The Netherlands declare independence from Spain

1647 - Willem II sworn in as viceroy of Holland

1701 - Cap William Kidd is hanged in London after being convicted of piracy and the murder of William Moore

1774 - Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)

1785 - Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals

1853 - Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited in 1859)

1865 - Flag flown at full mast over White House for the first time since Lincoln was shot

1873 - Canada's North West Mounted Police Force forms

1911 - New York Public Library dedicated

1915 - Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary during WW I

1922 - Walt Disney incorporates his 1st film company Laugh-O-Gram Films



1949 - Federal Republic of Germany is established

1956 - World Trade Center dedicated in Ferry Building, SF

1958 - US schools 1st use Cliff's Notes

1977 - Benin adopts its constitution

1979 - 1st edition of "Wisden Cricket Monthly"

1989 - Lincoln Square in Bronx named

1994 - Roman Herzog elected President of Germany

2007 - 15th UEFA Champions League Final - Milan beats Liverpool 2-1 at Athens


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