Today in History - May 13

535 – St Agapitus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

641 – Eligius (Saint Eloy) becomes bishop of Doornik-Noyon

1110 – Crusaders march into Beirut causing a bloodbath

1559 – Exhumed corpse of heretic David Jorisz burned in Basel

1568 – Mary Queen of Scots is defeated at battle of Langside

1607 – English colonists, led by John Smith, land near James River in Virginia

1637 – Cardinal Richelieu of France reputedly creates the table knife

1643 – Battle of Grantham: English parliamentary armies beat royalists

1643 – Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago Chile; kills 1/3 of population

1648 – Construction of the Red Fort at Delhi is completed

1777 – University library at Vienna opens

1830 – Republic of Ecuador is founded, with Juan Jose Flores as president

1835 – 1st foreign embassy in Hawaii forms

1846 – US declares war on Mexico, 2 months after fighting begins

1848 – 1st performance of Finland’s national anthem

1861 – Queen Victoria announces Britain’s position of neutrality

1861 – The Great Comet of 1861 is discovered by John Tebbutt of Windsor, New South Wales, Australia

1876 – Amersfoort-Zutphen railway opens

1884 – Institute for Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms in New York

1888 – Princess Isable of Brazil signs “Lei Aurea” abolishing slavery

1890 – Lord Salisbury offers Helgoland to Germany in exchange for Zanzibar, Uganda & Equatoria

1906 – Bezalel Art School opens in Jerusalem

1912 – Royal Flying Corps forms in Great Britain

1913 – 1st four-engine aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky, Russia)

1916 – 1st observance of Indian (Native American) Day

1918 – 1st US airmail stamps issued (24 cents)

1927 – “Black Friday” on Berlin Stock Exchange

1931 – Paul Doumer elected president of France

1939 – SS St Louis departs Hamburg with 937 Jews fugitives

1940 – British bomb factory at Breda

1940 – Winston Churchill says I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears & sweat

1942 – Helicopter makes its 1st cross-country flight

1945 – US troops conquer Dakeshi Okinawa

1947 – US Senate approved the Taft-Hartley Act limited the power of unions

1949 – 1st British-produced jet bomber, the Canberra, makes its 1st test flight

1950 – The first round of the Formula 1 World Championship is held at Silverstone



1952 – Pandit Nehru becomes premier of India

1958 – Pierre Pflimlin forms French government

1958 – The trade mark Velcro is registered

1970 – Beatles movie “Let it Be” premieres

1981 – Pope John Paul II is shot and critically wounded by Turkish gunman Mehemet Ali Agca is St Peter’s Square, Vatican City

1991 – Apple releases Macintosh System 7.0

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