Today in History - May 10

1267 – Vienna’s church orders all Jews to wear a distinctive garb

1503 – Columbus discovers Cayman Islands

1534 – French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Newfoundland

1655 – Jamaica captured by English

1752 – Benjamin Franklin test the lightning conductor with his kite-flying experiment

1768 – John Wikes is imprisoned for writing an article for The North Briton severely criticizing                      King George III. This action provokes rioting in London

1775 – Second Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and issues paper                        currency for 1st time

1775 – American Revolution: Green Mountain Boys capture Fort Ticonderoga, New York

1796 – Napoleon defeats Austria in Battle of Lodi Bridge

1797 – 1st US Navy ship, the “United States” is launched

1801 – First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of                          America (1st US foreign war)

1824 – The National Gallery in London opens to the public in its temporary home in a townhouse on               Pall Mall

1837 – Panic of 1837: New York City banks fail, and unemployment reaches record levels

1857 – Indian Mutiny begins with revolt of Sepoys in Meerut

1869 – 1st Transcontinental railroad completed (Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads meet in                 Promontory, Utah)

1872 – Victoria Woodhull becomes 1st woman nominated for US presidency by Equal Rights Party                 at Apollo Hall, NYC

1879 – Meteor falls near Estherville, Iowa

1893 – Imperial Institute in London opens

1906 – Russian Duma (Parliament) meets for 1st time

1910 – 1st aircraft air display held (Hendon, England)

1910 – Halley’s Comet closest approach to Earth in 1910 pass

1922 – Dr Ivy Williams is 1st woman to be called to the English Bar

1924 – J. Edgar Hoover appointed head of FBI

1930 – 1st US planetarium opens (Adler-Chicago)

1931 – Golf ball size hail falls in Burlington, NJ

1932 – Governement declares “Wilhelmus” as the Netherlands’ national anthem

1933 – Deutsche Arbeitsfront (DAF) forms

1933 – Paraguay declares war on Bolivia

1940 – World War II: The first German bombs of the war fall on England at Chilham and Petham, in               Kent

1940 – Churchill becomes prime minister

1950 – 1st Netherlands-US telex sent

1960 – US atomic sub USS Triton completes 1st submerged circumnavigation of the globe

1969 – Apollo 10 transmit 1st color pictures of Earth from space

1980 – Government gives Chrysler $1.5 billion loan

1992 – Bible Lands Museum opens in Jerusalem Israel

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