Today in History - August 4


1181 - Supernova seen in Cassiopia
1265 - English Prince Edward beats Simon de Montfort in Battle at Evesham
1347 - English troops conquer Ft. Calais
1351 - Willem V beats Hoeksen and English in a Sea battle at Zwartewaal
1558 - 1st printing of Jewish Kabbalah (Zohar)
1578 - Battle of Alcazarquivir, Moroccans defeat Portuguese, around 11,000 killed
1598 - London's head office of Hanze closed
1666 - Famous Sea battle between Netherlands and England
1730 - Crown prince Frederik of Prussia escapes to England
1753 - George Washington becomes a master mason
1760 - Prussia beats Austria and Russia Battle at Leignitz
1777 - 1st circus established by Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley
1789 - French National Meeting ending feudal system
1791 - Austria and Turkey sign Peace of Sistova
1821 - 1st edition of Saturday Evening Post, it is published until 1969
1830 - plan for city of Chicago
1862 - U.S. government collects its 1st income tax
1870 - British Red Cross Society forms
1886 - Colombia adopts constitution
1914 - U.S. declares neutrality in World War I
1914 - King Albert I becomes supreme commander of Belgian army
1914 - Germany declares war on Belgium and Britain also declares war on Germany
1914 - German army shoots Belgian priests/burns down village of Battice
1916 - Denmark cedes Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, to the U.S. for $25 million
1925 - U.S. Marines leave Nicaragua after 13-year occupation
1925 - 1st Dutch Colijn government forms
1927 - Peace Bridge between U.S. and Canada opens
1929 - Jones Beach in New York opens
1930 - Child labor laws established in Belgium
1941 - Winston Churchill departs on Prince of Wales to U.S.
1943 - USAF bombs Germans in Troina
1949 - NBA and NBAA merge into National Basketball Association
1953 - Black families move into Trumbull Park housing project in Chicago
1954 - Boscombe Down 1st flight of supersonic P-1 Lighting
1955 - Eisenhower authorizes $46 million for construction of CIA headquarters
1956 - Indonesia says it will not pay debts to the Netherlands
1958 - Dumont TV Network crumbles
1962 - Nelson Mandela captured by South African Police
1971 - U.S. launches 1st satellite into lunar orbit from manned spacecraft
1977 - President Carter establishes Department of Energy
1979 - Italian government of Cossiga begins
1983 - Revolution in Burkina
1984 - Republic of Upper Volta becomes Bourkina Fasso
1988 - Congress votes $20,000 to each Japanese-American interned in World War II
1990 - European community proposes a boycott of Iraq
1994 - Dwingeloo 1, near milky way system, discovered
2011 - The Southern United States experiences a heat alert for 14 states. several dozen heat-related deaths occurred since July
2012 - South Africa's Oscar Pistorius becomes the first amputee to compete at the Olympic Games in the 400 meters

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