930 - World's oldest parliament, the Icelandic Parliament, the Alpingi, established

1585 - Spanish army under Tassis beats Amerongen Staatse troops

1757 - Robert Clive defeats army led by Suraja Dowlaat Plassey, wins control of Bengal

1758 - Seven Years' War - Battle of Krefeld

1760 - Battle of Landshut Silesia - Austria beats Prussia

1780 - American Revolution - Battle of Springfield

1821 - Dutch troops conquer Palembang

1860 - Congress establishes Government Printing Office

1868 - Christopher Latham Sholes patents the Type-writer



1888 - Frederick Douglass is 1st African-American nominated for US President

1894 - The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne, Paris

1919 - Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) incorporates

1938 - Civil Aeronautics Authority (US) established

1939 - US Congress establishes US Coast Guard Reserve (renamed US Coast Guard Auxiliary in 1941)

1950 - Swiss parliament refuses voting right for women

1955 - Walt Disney's "Lady & the Tramp" released

1974 - 1st extraterrestrial message sent from Earth into space

1980 - 1st solar-powered coast-to-coast two-way radio conversation

1989 - Batman movie premieres

1990 - Moldavia declared independence


1476 - Battle at Morat - Charles the Stout invades Switzerland

1593 - Battle of Sisak - Allied Christian troops defeat the Turks

1633 - Galileo Galilei forced to recant his Copernican views that the Earth orbits the Sun by the Pope

1675 - Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II

1679 - Battle at Bothwell Bridge - Duke of Monmouth beats Scots

1774 - British parliament accepts Quebec Act

1814 - 1st match at the Lord's - MCC vs Herefordshire

1832 - John Howe patents pin manufacturing machine

1847 - First ring doughnut supposedly created by Hanson Gregory

1870 - US Congress creates Department of Justice

1874 - Game of Lawn tennis introduced

1934 - John Dillinger is informally named America's first Public Enemy Number One



1936 - Virgin Islands receives a constitution from US

1977 - Walt Disney's "Rescuers" released

1981 - John McEnroe exhibits a disgraceful act of misbehavior at Wimbledon

1991 - Underwater volcano, Mount Didicas, erupts in Philippines


524 - Battle of Vezeronce - King of the Burgundians, defeats the Franks

1128 - Battle of Akspoele - earl Willem of Normandy beats Diederik

1547 - Great fire in Moscow, 3,000 killed

1672 - French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Utrecht

1749 - Halifax, Nova Scotia, is founded

1805 - Great Stone Face found in New Hampshire

1813 - Peninsular War - Battle of Vitoria

1834 - American inventor Cyrus McCormick patents the reaping machine



1849 - Battle at Waghausel - Prussian troops beat Baden rebels

1887 - Britain celebrates golden jubilee of Queen Victoria

1893 - 1st Ferris wheel premieres

1917 - Hawaiian Red Cross forms

1948 - 1st stored computer program run, on Manchester Mark I

1989 - Supreme Court rules ok to burn US flag as a political expression

1994 - Steffi Graf becomes 1st defending tennis champ to lose in 1st round of a major tournament, Wimbledon

2006 - Pluto's newly discovered moons are officially named Nix & Hydra


1212 - French & Spanish crusaders unite against the Almohaden at Toledo

1214 - The University of Oxford receives its charter

1756 - Black Hole of Calcutta - 146 British soldiers imprisoned in small dungeon in Calcutta, India where most die

1782 - Congress approves Great Seal of the United States of America & the bald eagle as its symbol

1791 - King Louis XVI caught trying to escape French Revolution

1840 - Samuel Morse patents his telegraph



1863 - 1st bank chartered in US - National Bank of Davenport Iowa

1866 - Italy declares war on Austria

1867 - US President Andrew Johnson announces purchase of Alaska

1874 - 1st US Lifesaving Medal awarded to Lucian Clemons

1895 - Caroline Willard Baldwin becomes 1st female PhD (in Science)from an American University, Cornell University

1907 - 1st Portland Rose festival held in Portland, Oregon

1936 - Jesse Owens of US sets 100 meter record at 10.2

1968 - Jim Hines becomes 1st person to run 100 meters in under 10 seconds

1975 - "Jaws" is released

1990 - 40,000-50,000 die in a earthquake of 7.6 in Iran

1990 - Asteroid Eureka is discovered

2010 - "Despicable Me" premieres at Moscow Film Festival




987 - Louis IV, crowned king of France

1464 - French King Louis XI forms postal service

1610 - Battle of Sorel - French army led by Samuel defeat Mohawk people

1770 - General Church of New Jerusalem established

1829 - Sir Robert Peel introduces the Metropolitan Police Act into Parliament to establish a unified police force for London

1846 - 1st officially recognized baseball game - NY Nines 23 defeat Knickerbockers 1 at Hoboken, New Jersey

1861 - Anaheim Post Office established

1875 - Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio

1910 - Father's Day celebrated for 1st time

1912 - Tennessee University opened as Tennessee A & L State College

1921 - Census held in Great Britain

1931 - 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven Ct

1940 - Brenda Starr. 1st cartoon strip by a woman, appear in Chicago

1941 - Cheerios Cereal invents an O-shaped cereal

1961 - Kuwait declares independence from UK

1963 - 1st woman in space "Valentina Tereshkova" returns to Earth

1978 - Garfield, created by Jim Davis, 1st appears as a comic strip

1981 - APPLE satellite launched by India, is the 1st to be stabilized on 3 axes

2005 - Michael Schumacher wins controversial Formula 1 United States Grand Prix where only 6 of 20 cars complete the race



2015 - Pixar's "Inside Out" is released







618 - Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China

1155 - Pope Adrian IV crowns Frederick I Barbarossa Roman-German Emperor

1538 - Treaty of Nice - ends war between Emperor Charles V & King French I

1580 - States of Utrecht forbid catholic worship

1682 - William Penn founds Philadelphia, US

1757 - Battle at Kolin Bohemia - Austrian army beats Prussia

1812 - War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain



1815 - Battle of Waterloo - Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington

1822 - Part of US-Canadian boundary determined

1837 - Spain gets new constitution

1879 - W H Richardson, patents the children's carriage

1959 - 1st telecast transmitted from England to US

1964 - African Groundnut Council forms in Dakar

1975 - NBC News & Information Service (24 hr news) premieres on radio

1994 - Gay Games open in NYC

2003 - Google launches AdSense, a program that enables website publishers to serve ads of their individual web pages.


1397 - Union of Kalmar established between Denmark, Sweden & Norway

1497 - Battle of Deptford Bridge - King Henry VII soundly defeat Cornish rebels led by Michael

1579 - Anti-English uprising in Ireland

1580 - Battle at Hardenberg: Spanish troops beat rebels

1631 - Mumtaz Mahal dies during childbirth. Her husband, Shah Jahan I, spends more than 20 years building her tomb, the Taj Mahal

1745 - American colonials capture Louisburg, Cape Breton Island from French

1775 - Battle of Bunker Hill

1789 - 3rd Estate in France declared itself a national assembly

1824 - US Bureau of Indian Affairs established

1856 - Republican Party opens its 1st national convention in Philadelphia

1861 - Battle of Boonville, General Lyon defeats Confederate forces

1863 - Battle at Middleburg, Virginia

1863 - Battle of Aldie, confederates fail to drive back Union in Virginia

1864 - 640m long pontoon bridge over James River Virginia finished

1876 - Battle of Rosebud

1885 - Statue of Liberty arrived in NYC aboard French ship 'Isere'



1898 - The United States Navy Hospital Corps is established

1938 - Japan declared war on China

1940 - USSR occupies Estonia

1944 - Iceland declares independence from Denmark

1945 - Day of Unity in West Germany (National Day)

1950 - 1st kidney transplant - Chicago

1970 - Edwin Land patents the Polaroid camera

1988 - Microsoft releases MS DOS 4.0



623 - Origin of Persian Era

1487 - Battle of Stoke - Henry VII beats John de la Pole & Lord Lovell

1624 - Virginia becomes an English crown colony following the bankruptcy of the London Company

1746 - Battle at Piacenza - Austria & Sardinia beat Spanish & French army

1777 - Battle of Bennington-New England's Green Mountain Boys route British

1784 - Holland forbids the wearing of orange clothes

1815 - Battle of Ligny - French army under Napoleon beats Prussia

1836 - London Working Men's Association forms

1880 - Salvation Army forms in London

1884 - 1st roller coaster used

1893 - Rueckheim invents Cracker Jack

1903 - Ford Motors under Henry Ford incorporates



1903 - Pepsi Cola company forms



1904 - Blooms-day

1909 - 1st US airplane sold commercially, by Glenn Curtiss for $5,000

1915 - The foundation of the British Women's Institute

1933 - US Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) created

1935 - US Congress accepts FDR's "New Deal"

1944 - Iceland adopts constitution

1960 - "Psycho", starring Janet Leigh opens in New York City

1963 - Valentina Tereshkova (USSR) is 1st woman in space, aboard Vostok 6

1977 - Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California

1983 - General Secretary Yuri Andropov appointed President of the Soviet Union

1991 - Boris Yeltsin elected President of Russian SSR

2012 - Coca-Cola begins business in Myanmar after 60 years

2016 - Philadelphia is the first US state to pass a tax on sweetened drinks


923 - Battle of Soissons - King Robert I of France is killed

1219 - Dannebrog is the flag of Denmark and the oldest national flag in the world, fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse

1246 - Battle at Leitha - Hungary-Austrian

1389 - Battle of Kosovo - Turks defeats Serbs

1567 - Battle at Carberry - Protestant troops beat Earl Bothwell's army

1626 - King Charles I disbands English parliament

1762 - Austria uses 1st paper currency

1775 - George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of the American Army

1808 - Joseph Bonaparte becomes King of Spain

1844 - Charles Goodyear patents the vulcanization of rubber

1864 - Battle for Petersburg begins

1869 - Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt

1876 - Sara Spencer is 1st woman to address a US presidential convention

1908 - World congress for Women's rights opens in Amsterdam

1909 - Representatives from England, Australia and South Africa meet at Lord's and form the Imperial Cricket Conference

1911 - Tabulating Computing Recording Corporation (now IBM) is incorporated

1940 - Soviet Army occupied Lithuania

1960 - Angel Cordero wins his 1st of over 7000 horse races

1973 - American Graffiti opens in NYC

1985 - Russian space probe Vega 2 lands on Venus

1992 - 1st Berlin Air Show in 60 years

1994 - Disney's animated musical film "The Lion King" opens in theaters



2012 - Apple I computer sells for a record $374,500
1642 - 1st compulsory education law in America passed by Massachusetts

1645 - Battle of Naseby - New Model Army beat English King Charles I

1673 - Battle at Schooneveld - Michiel de Ruyter beats French/English fleet

1777 - US Continental Congress adopts the Stars & Stripes replacing the Grand Union flag

1797 - Napoleon forms Ligurian Republic

1800 - Battle of Marengo - Bonaparte vs Austria

1822 - Charles Babbage proposes a "Difference Engine" in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society

1834 - Sandpaper patented by Isaac Fischer Jr

1841 - 1st Canadian parliament opens in Kingston, Ontario

1847 - Robert Bunsen invents the Bunsen burner

1870 - All-pro Cincinnati Red Stockings suffer 1st loss in 130 games

1901 - 1st golf championship is played

1913 - The South African Government pass the Immigration Act, which restricts the entry of Asians; it leads to widespread agitation by resident Indians, led by Gandhi

1922 - US President Warren G. Harding is 1st US President to use radio

1932 - German government of von Papen forms

1934 - Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet in Vienna

1938 - Chlorophyll patented by Benjamin Grushkin

1942 - 1st bazooka rocket gun produced

1942 - Walt Disney's animated movie "Bambi" is released



1943 - Canadian Library Association established

1951 - 1st commercial computer, UNIVAC 1, enters service at Census Bureau

1978 - Sierra Leone adopts constitution


1373 - World's oldest extant, Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of Alliance singed in London

1665 - Battle of Lowestoft - English fleet beats Dutch

1721 - England signs Treaty of Madrid

1727 - Spain underwrites Preliminary of Paris

1753 - Austria, England & Modena Sign secret military treaty

1777 - Leonard Norcross patents a submarine diving suit

1798 - Mission San Luis Rey de Francia founded in California

1863 - Second Battle of Winchester

1886 - King Ludwig II of Bavaria found dead in Lake Starnberg south of Munich at 40.

1888 - US Congress creates Department of Labor

1920 - Post Office says children could not be sent by parcel post


1924 - Gaston Doumergue elected as 1st protestant French premier

1925 - Charles Jenkins demonstrates the transmission of synchronized pictures and sound (early television)

1930 - 1st Nudist Colony opens

1942 - US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) formed

1956 - After 72 years, Britain gives up Suez Canal to Egyptian control

1965 - Vietnam War - Battle of Dong Xoai ends in a Viet Cong victory

1983 - NASA's Pioneer 10 becomes the 1st man-made object to leave the solar system




1381 - Peasant's Revolt - Rebels arrive at Blackheath

1442 - King Alfonso V of Aragon occupies Naples

1560 - Battle of Okehazama - Oda Nobunaga defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto

1653 - 1st Anglo-Dutch War - Battle of the Gabbard, English fleet beats the Dutch

1665 - New Amsterdam legally becomes an English colony and renamed New York after English Duke of York

1701 - Act of Settlement gives English crown to Sophia, Princess of Hanover

1776 - Virginia adopts Declaration of Rights

1787 - US Law passes providing a senator must be at least 30 year old

1792 - Captain George Vancouver discover site of Vancouver BC

1838 - Hopkins Observatory, dedicated in Williamstown, Mass

1845 - George Abernethy becomes 1st governor of Oregon Country

1849 - Gas mask patented by Lewis Haslett



1860 - The State Bank of the Russian Empire is established

1898 - Philippine nationalists declares independence from Spain to US control

1903 - Niagara Falls, Ontario incorporated as a city

1939 - Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown NY

1947 - Babe Didrikson is 1st American to win British Women's Amateur Golf Champ

1963 - "Cleopatra" directed by Joseph Mankiewicz and starring Elizabeth Taylor premiers in NYC

1981 - "Raiders Of The Lost Ark", the 1st an Indiana Jones film directed by Steven Spielberg starring Harrison Ford premieres